West Nile Virus Confirmed in Northern Solano County

SOLANO COUNTY – The Solano Department of Health, Public Health Division and the Solano County Mosquito Abatement District (SCMAD) have confirmed a mosquito sample collected in Vacaville has tested positive for West Nile virus (WNV). The sample was collected mid-August.
As of September 13, 2018, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) reports WNV activity has been detected in 21 counties. This year, there have been 56 reported human cases of WNV infection throughout the state. Two WNV-related deaths have been reported to CDPH this year, from Glenn and Yuba counties.
Dr. Michael Stacey, Deputy Health Officer for Solano County cautioned: “Residents need to be aware that we are still in the peak period for West Nile virus transmission.”
West Nile virus is transmitted to humans and animals through the bite of an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds. Using insect repellent when spending time outdoors and removing standing water sources near the home can help reduce the risk of getting an infection.” 
Most people (about 4 in 5) infected with the West Nile virus will not develop any symptoms. About 1 in 5 will develop mild symptoms including fever, headache, body aches, nausea, vomiting and swollen lymph glands. However, about 1 percent (about 1 in 150) of persons with WNV infections will develop severe neurological disease. In rare cases, WNV infection can be fatal.
Anyone can be infected with West Nile virus, but people who are 60 years old and older, and those with certain medical conditions, like cancer, diabetes, hypertension, kidney disease and people who have received organ transplants, are at greater risk of developing severe illness and complications. Anyone who develops symptoms should seek medical care immediately.
There are no medications to treat, or vaccines to prevent, West Nile virus infection. People with milder illnesses typically recover on their own, although symptoms may last for several weeks. In more severe cases, patients often need to be hospitalized and treatment such as intravenous fluids, pain medication, and nursing care. 
The public can play an important role in preventing the spread of West Nile virus by practicing the “Three Ds”:
DEET – Apply insect repellent containing DEET, picaradin, oil of lemon eucalyptus or IR3535 according to label instructions. Repellents help keep the mosquitoes from biting you. Insect repellents should not be used on children under two months of age.
DAWN AND DUSK – Mosquitoes that transmit WNV usually bite in the early morning and evening so it is important to wear proper clothing and repellent if outside during these times. Make sure that your doors and windows have tight-fitting screens to keep out mosquitoes. Repair or replace screens that have tears or holes.
DRAIN – Mosquitoes lay their eggs on standing water. Eliminate all sources of standing water on your property by emptying flower pots, old car tires, buckets, and other containers.
If you know of a swimming pool that is not being properly maintained, please contact your local mosquito and vector control agency. The SCMAD staff is conducting surveillance activities in the affected area to find the sources of the samples and apply appropriate control measures where mosquitoes of the same infected species are present.
“We work vigilantly to control the mosquito populations throughout the County,” said Richard Snyder, Solano County Mosquito Abatement District Manager. “I urge residents to help in prevention and control efforts by making sure they don’t have any standing water on their property. Please report any unmaintained swimming pools and stagnant water by calling us at (707) 437-1116.”
Residents are encouraged to report dead birds and squirrels online at www.westnile.ca.gov or by calling 1-877-WNV-BIRD (1-877-968-2473).
For the latest West Nile virus activity in California, visit:
www.westnileWestNile.ca.gov
For information on using insect repellents, visit:
www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/CID/DCDC/Pages/Dont-Give-Bugs-a-Biting-Chance.aspx

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